La visión itémica de la cultura

  • Josu Acosta ILCLI - Universidad del País Vasco
Palabras clave: Enfoque estándar evolutivo, epidemiología de las representaciones, ítem cultural, memética


Desde el giro naturalista a finales del siglo XX, las ciencias sociales entendieron la culturacomo un proceso evolutivo por derecho propio. Esta perspectiva trajo nuevas herramientas ymétodos conceptuales a nuestra comprensión de la cultura y su transmisión. Este artículorevisa los principales enfoques en el campo de la evolución cultural: memética; el enfoque estándarevolutivo y la epidemiología de las representaciones. Argumento que esos enfoques comparten unavisión común acerca de qué es la cultura. En resumen, estos enfoques tienen una VisiónItémica de la Cultura: entienden y tratan la cultura como una colección de ítems que están en elcerebro y el entorno de las personas que son transmitidos por los individuos de una poblaciónpor medios no genéticos, de modo que con el tiempo, son estables.


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Cómo citar
Acosta, J. (2023). La visión itémica de la cultura. Open Insight, 14(32), 12-43.